If necessity is the mother of invention, the Golden Retriever is a prime example. During the late 1800s guns became more efficient. Hunters were downing more birds and having more difficulty with retrieval. A real need for good retrieval breeds was beginning to take shape. Lord Tweedmouth of the Scotch Highlands bred this dog from the Flat-Coated Retriever and the Tweed Water Spaniel. Bloodhound and Irish Setter genes were further added along the way to create the Golden Flat Coat, known today as the Golden Retriever.
Today this dog is one of the most popular and well-loved breeds. She is a member of the family, a therapy and service companion, a formidable agility competitor and a great bird dog on both land and in water. Although a devoted companion, this dog is not known for her guarding instincts. However, her retrieval ability, intelligence and loyalty make her a reliable gun dog.
Her coat, like the name implies, varies from golden to cream colored and is dense, firm and water resistant. The males are between 23 and 24 inches in height at the shoulder while the females are between 21.5 and 22.5 inches tall. Males will weigh between 65 and 75 pounds while females will weigh between 55 and 65 pounds.